Most of us can imagine a garden that has a large amount of space and flourishing with tons of fruits and vegetables. However, sometimes there is a limited area and one has to be cautious of what seedlings to plant. One must be aware of how much space certain plants will occupy when they become full-grown. This is why it is a good idea to create a diagram of your garden space to help plan out where to place your plants. Planning out your crop placement will allow you to utilize your garden area wisely and get the most out of your plants.
Before creating a crop plan, begin by doing research on the types of plants you wish to grow, making sure you can fulfill the requirements for each one. It is very important to make sure that your plants can grow in certain weather conditions, depending on the climate you live in. For instance, if you reside in a place with cooler temperatures, you could try planting cool season crops or start growing indoors until the weather warms up enough to transplant outside. If you would like to grow tropical plants, the best option would be to store them in a greenhouse and keep them warm at all times. Once
you have decided on what you wish to plant, you should begin organizing your garden plan.
With the limited amount of space in your garden, it is critical to make sure your plants will not crowd one another. Certain plants will take up a good amount of space, so it is very important to place them where they will not prevent other plants from growing properly. For example, suppose you are going to plant potatoes, cabbages, and watermelon radishes each in their own rows and you need to figure out where to place them. To start off, you need to be aware of how big the plants will grow when they become mature. Also, take into consideration of which plants will need more sunlight and the most space to grow. In this case, you should place the potatoes in the back rows, cabbages in the middle and watermelon radishes in the front of your garden to receive enough sunlight. By doing so, you will see greater results in which your crops will thrive.
After you have successfully planned out your plant diagram, it would be wise to examine the soil in your garden. A great first step to take before planting your crops would be to test the pH and the nutrient levels of the soil with soil tester. All plants require a certain pH level in order for them to grow properly. Plants will also need Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium which allow the plants to develop strong roots, healthy leaves, flowers and fruits. The pH will determine how the plants can utilize these nutrients that can impact the potential of plant growth. If you are planning to plant various crops that require different pH levels, it would be best to separate them into sections and add the nutrients accordingly. Furthermore, if you are planting multiples of the same crop all throughout your garden, be sure that the soil in the entire area has an equal pH value. This will ensure that all of your crops are getting enough of the necessary nutrients they will require.
If you have built a raised garden in your yard, be sure that the soil is viable, add any fertilizer if needed and be sure to rid it of any pests that may harm your plants. If you are low on animal manure to fertilize your garden, there are also alternative options you can use. For instance, it would be acceptable to use green tea leaves or unflavored coffee grounds as fertilizers. After brewing the grounds, allow them to dry and mix them in with the soil before planting. Since tea and coffee are organic compounds, they can decompose naturally and help improve the health and growth of plants by adding more nutrients to the soil. Using these natural fertilizers allows you to recycle the components and decrease
the amount of waste produced in the environment. However, be cautious when using these fertilizers for your garden because they will raise the acidity level of the soil. It is a better idea to use this method on plants that can thrive with a higher level of acidity.
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If you start to notice that your crops have been munched on, you should immediately take
action and use a non-hazardous pesticide or method to help save your plants. Some pest riddance procedures work better than others and there are some that you can perform yourself with simple household products. For those who have continuous problems with slugs, there are a couple of tricks that can help protect your garden.
Tip # 1: Slice some whole grapefruits in half and scrape out the fruit. Place the hollow peels rind-side up over the dirt beside your plants and watch your slug problems diminish. The sweet smell of the grapefruit will attract the slugs and the acidity kills them when they
consume the flesh of the fruit.
Tip # 2: Pour some beer into several shallow dishes and put them near your crops. Slugs are also attracted to the scent of beer and this method will drown them upon contact.
For other bug related problems, you can also make your own garlic tea pesticide. To make this pesticide, boil a few cloves of garlic in a pot of water for about 15-20 minutes. Wait for the brew to cool then transfer it into a spray bottle. Be sure to test out a small area of the plant to ensure that the spray is not too strong, or else it could burn your plants. Spray the leaves of your plants once every couple of days and be sure to spray again after rain showers or daily watering.
By following these simple procedures, you can be sure that your garden will be much healthier and grow to their optimum potential. Gardening in small areas may seem like a hassle especially if you want to grow a lot of crops. However, in order to make the most out of the space you have, be aware of what requirements your crops will need. Doing this will allow you to utilize your entire garden area and have a higher chance for a better harvest.