If you want to achieve a luster, green, garden, you no doubt have to pay adequate attention to tendering the garden. The importance of water to your garden plants cannot be overemphasized. Water plays a huge role in plant development and it largely determines whether your garden plants would glow or wilt away. If you walk past a garden and the beauty and freshness of the plants naturally draw you in, you can be sure the garden is religiously and effectively watered.
What contributes effective watering?
At some point, every gardener would have asked himself/herself the series of questions: I am overwatering my plants? Or underwatering? Am I doing it correctly? Or is there any way I can improve?
There are no hard and fast rules about watering your garden. Moreover, the amount of water and frequency of watering would depend on factors such as the nature of the plants in the garden and the weather conditions. The best approach to watering your garden plants is using a smart irrigation system. Among other advantages, a smart irrigation system delivers the water right to the roots of your plants where the water would be absorbed.
This saves you almost 50% on water bills. If you are yet to upgrade to a smart garden, you really are missing out on the most effective way to achieve your dream garden. Below are the ten best tips for watering your plants.
1. Focus on the roots
As hinted earlier, your garden plants are only able to absorb water through the roots. So, when watering, you should specially target the roots. You should pay even more attention to this rule when watering flowers. Flower petals are quite delicate and pouring water over them may affect their growth. This is a big disadvantage of surface irrigation systems. Such systems sprinkle water over the garden plants and most of the water used for irrigation are washed away before they can penetrate the soil. A smart sprinkler, on the other hand, supplies water directly to plant roots and provides just the right amount of water the plants need to survive.
2. Water your plants only when needed
Many gardeners believe that having a fixed watering schedule is the best approach to taking care of their garden. But this is a wrong assumption. Your plants can’t possibly need water every morning or every day at that. As essential as water is to the survival of garden plants, watering too frequently could easily lead to flooding. Thus, you are expected to water your plants only when the soil is dry. Soil moisture would be affected by numerous factors such as the climate and rain.
You cannot compare the water needs of your garden plants during the summer to their needs during winter. It may be difficult for you to effectively determine when the soil is dry. A smart irrigation controller could help you do this as it calculates the water needs of plants based on the past, present, and forecasted weather conditions.
3. Water early in the morning
The best period to water your plants is early in the morning, before the sun comes up. The cool weather gives your plants enough time to absorb the water before it evaporates. But the earlier tip overrules this one. If it rained overnight, for example, you would not need to water your plants early in the morning as the soil would still contain enough water for the plants to get by. But if you need to water your plants, ensure you do it in the morning. By the time the sun comes up, the plants are already well hydrated and they are poised to tap the required energy from the sun.
4. Mulching helps greatly
Another tip to help you save water and help your plants flourish is mulching. Mulching with the right materials could even make your garden more beautiful. Asides the aesthetic appeal, however, mulching helps retain moisture in the soil. The materials protect the soil surface from excessive heat and this prevents evaporation of soil moisture. Combining mulching with a smart irrigation system means you would save significantly on your water bills and still nurture a fresh, luster garden.
5. Use the right quantity of water
The root systems of plants vary and so does their water needs. Shrubs with shallow root systems would only require a little amount of water as they can easily take up water that penetrates into the subsurface of the soil. Trees and big flowers on the other hand would have deep root systems. Consequently, they can only absorb water that penetrates deeply into the soil. And they would even require more water for their growth. Needless to say, a larger amount of water should be provided for these plants. With a smart irrigation system, water is supplied directly to the roots of plants and the water pipes are installed according to the depth of the plant roots.
6. Use the appropriate tools
If you want a truly beautiful garden, you cannot afford to water your plants haphazardly. And watering right starts with the proper tools. A regular bucket and bowl would definitely not cut it here. Asides making the work more tedious, it goes against one of the key tips provided earlier. You cannot effectively target plant roots with a bucket and bowl. A smart irrigation system seamlessly addresses this. A complete watering system would be installed to make your garden a smart garden and you won’t need to worry about the right tools.
7. Water gradually and carefully
Effective soil watering cannot be achieved in a rush. You should water your garden carefully and gradually. Watering gradually gives the water enough time to penetrate the soil thereby preventing excessive loss of water due to run-off. If you are yet to upgrade to a smart garden, it is advisable to water in parts. Gradual watering also prevents leaching of soil nutrients. Essential nutrients on the surface of the soil could be lost due to erosion or splashing as you water the soil carelessly.
8. Water evenly around your garden plants
The root system of your plants largely determines the growth pattern. When watering, you should ensure water is distributed evenly around the plants in order to achieve a well-balanced root system. If you cultivate the habit of concentrating on only one point of the plant, growth would be restricted to only that side of the plant and your garden plants would not bloom as you hoped they would. If your garden has an uneven slope, you should be particularly careful when watering as it would be easier to miss some portions.
9. Avoid waterlogging
This relates directly to some of the tips mentioned earlier. You should ensure you water your garden with just the right amount of water and prevent waterlogging. Asides the increased water bills, water logging is also detrimental to the growth of your plants. Water isn’t the only nutrient plants need to survive. Plants roots also need to take up oxygen and this would be impossible in a waterlogged environment. Starving the plant roots of oxygen would lead to the death of the roots cells and ultimately, the entire plants.
10. Water in the evening only when absolutely necessary
You might have seen tips about watering your plants in the morning or in the evening. As mentioned earlier, the best time to water your plants is unarguably early in the morning but there are differing opinions about watering your plants in the evening. While it is true that watering in the evening would also prevent excessive water loss due to the decreased environmental and soil temperature, there are obvious dangers to watering plants in the evening.
Firstly, if the plant leaves happen to get wet while watering, the leaves would remain moist overnight. Many plant diseases thrive on moist leaves. Another reason why it is advised not to water at night is that the soil cools and hardens as the environmental temperature decreases.
The soil becomes less aerated and the water would take more time to distribute. Your garden is especially prone to water-logging in this period. But it can’t be categorically stated that watering in the evening is wrong. So, you should only do it when it is absolutely necessary.
There you have it. Highlighted and explained above are ten useful tips for watering your garden.
Remember, if you want your garden to be as beautiful as the pictures that inspire you to start gardening, you need to invest your time and money into gardening. We understand that many people have that will but do not have the luxury of time.
A smart controller helps you save a lot of time and money on gardening. You would be saving more than 50% on water bills and the system is completely automated. This implies that you do not need to be present before your garden is efficiently and effectively watered.
You can activate they smart irrigation system to water your garden from anywhere in the world as long as you are with your smartphone. There really is no better innovation that can help you achieve your dream garden.